Sample Lesson

From the book: Teaching Ancient Greek Mythology

Know Thyself

Greek Mythology

Lesson 8: Know Thyself

The following phrase is found on the temple at Dephi. The student can write this Greek phrase into his lesson book. The full phrase says, "O Man (anthropos) know thyself and thou shalt know the world; O Man know the world and thou shalt know thyself." One can see in this phrase the sense that the human being is the world writ small and that the world is the human being writ large. It is the mirroring of microcosmos and macrocosmos and lends a deeper layer of meaning to the words of Genesis that describes the human being as made in the image of God. The form drawing is a typical motif found on Greek pottery and can be added as a border around the inscription.

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